Liturgy, songs and resources for virtual gatherings
Hee-nei mah tov u-mah na-eem shey-vet ku-lam gum ya-cha-ad
How good and how pleasant it is for us to dwell as One!
COUNTING THE OMER between Passover and Shavuot:
Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu Melekh ha’Olam asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’tizivanu al sefirat ha’omer. Blessed are you, Adonai our God, Sovereign of the Universe, who has sanctified us with your commandments and commanded us to count the omer. HAYOM…
shom’rei Shabbat v’kor’ei oneg . We rejoice in the gift of Shabbat a day of delight.
V’SHAMRU – Source: Exodus 31:16-17 we keep the Sabbath as a sign of the covenant with God.
V’shamru v’nei Yisrael
laasot et HaShabbat l’dorotam
1. Beini u’vein b’nei Yisrael
ot hi l’olam,
2. ki sheishet yamim asah Adonai
et hashamayim v’et haaretz,
3. u’vayom hashvi-i shavat vayinafash.
The people of Israel shall keep Shabbat,
observing Shabbat throughout the ages as a covenant for all time.
It is a sign for all time between God and the people of Israel.
For six days Adonai made heaven and earth,
and on the seventh day cease from work and rest.
HA’MOTZI We give thanks to God for bread. Our voices rise in song together as our joyful prayer is said. Baruch ata Adonai Elohaynu melech ha-olam hamotzi Lechem min ha-aretz. Yum Yum Yum, be-tavon – Enjoy your meal
Enjoy a restful Shabbat. Shabbat Shalom, Rabbi Sigal
Counting the Omer
Blessing for counting the OMER Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu Melekh ha’olam asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’tizivanu al sefirat ha’omer. Blessed are you, Adonai our God, Sovereign of the Universe, sanctifying our lives with commandments and guiding us to count the omer.
What: The omer refers to the 49-day period between the second night of Passover (Pesach) and the holiday of Shavuot. This period marks the beginning of the barley harvest when, in ancient times, Jews would bring the first sheaves to the Temple as a means of thanking God for the harvest. The word omer literally means “sheaf” and refers to these early offerings.
Scroll down for the blessing for counting the omer.
The Torah itself dictates the counting of the seven weeks following Passover: “You shall count from the eve of the second day of Pesach, when an omer of grain is to be brought as an offering, seven complete weeks. The day after the seventh week of your counting will make fifty days, and you shall present a new meal offering to God (Leviticus 23:15-16).”
In its biblical context, this counting appears only to connect the first grain offering to the offering made at the peak of the harvest. As the holiday of Shavuot became associated with the giving of the Torah, and not only with a celebration of agricultural bounty, the omer period began to symbolize the thematic link between Passover and Shavuot.
Why: While Passover celebrates the initial liberation of the Jewish people from slavery in Egypt, Shavuot marks the culmination of the process of liberation, when the Jews became an autonomous community with their own laws and standards. Counting up to Shavuot reminds us of this process of moving from a slave mentality to a more liberated one.
When: The counting of the omer begins on the second night of Passover. Jews in the Diaspora generally integrate this counting into the second seder.
The omer is counted each evening after sundown. The counting of the omer is generally appended to the end of Ma’ariv (the evening service), as well.
What to Say: One stands when counting the omer, and begins by reciting the following blessing:
Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu Melekh ha’Olam asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’tizivanu al sefirat ha’omer. Blessed are you, Adonai our God, Sovereign of the Universe, who has sanctified us with your commandments and commanded us to count the omer.
The count: After the blessing, one recites the appropriate day of the count. For example: Hayom sheni yam la’omer Today is the second day of the omer.
After the first six days, one also includes the number of weeks that one has counted. For example: Hayom sh’losha asar yom, she’hem shavuah echad v’shisha yamim la’omer Today is 13 days, which is one week and six days of the omer
The inclusion of both the day (13) and the week (one week and six days) stems from a rabbinic argument about whether the Torah mandates counting days or weeks. On the one hand, the biblical text instructs, “you shall count 50 days;” on the other hand, the text also says to “count. . . seven complete weeks.” The compromise position, manifested in the ritual, is to count both days and weeks.
The blessing for counting the omer, as well as the language for each day of counting, appears in most prayer books at the end of the text for the evening service.
Because the blessing should precede the counting (and not the other way around), many will not say what day of the omer it is until after the ritual counting. Thus, the reminder about what day to count is often phrased as “yesterday was the fifth day of the omer.”
Many people precede the counting of the omer with a meditation that states one’s intention to fulfill the commandment. This meditation serves to focus the individual on the task at hand and to remind him/her of the biblical basis of the commandment:
Hineni muchan um’zuman l’kayem mitzvat aseh shel s’firat ha’omer k’mo shekatuv baTorah: Us’fartem lakhem mimaharat hashabbat miyom havi’echem et omer hat’nufa, sheva shabbatot t’mimot tihiyenah. Ad mimaharat hashabbat hash’vi’it tisp’ru chamishim yom.
Behold, I am ready and prepared to fulfill the mitzvah of counting the omer, as it says in the Torah: You shall count from the eve of the second day of Pesach, when an omer of grain is to be brought as an offering, seven complete weeks. The day after the seventh week of your counting will make fifty days. (source: Jill Jacobs, My Jewish Learning)
Dayeinu – the song of contentment
In the beloved song Dayeinu we give thanks for each helpful gesture along the path to freedom. The format is: if only _________, it is enough, we are content- dayeinu. Here are a few examples of new Dayeinu verses. Feel free to make your own and embellish on these:
- If we are only blessed with farmers and workers who grow and ship food to us, Dayeinu.
- If we are only blessed with people work at in stores and delivery, Dayeinu.
- If we are only blessed with virtual meeting while we can’t physically be together, If we are only blessed with farmers and workers who grow and ship food to us Dayeinu.
- If we are only blessed with police and firefighters and first responders to keep us safe, Dayeinu
- If we are only blessed with hospital staff, nurses and doctors on the front lines, dayeinu.